In 1958, China established the University of
Science and Technology of China. It was a strategic move by the country
to meet its science and technology needs and boost its international
competitiveness. Guo Moruo, then president of the Chinese Academy of
Sciences, assumed office as its first president. The institution sought
excellence in education, research and facilities.
Under the care of China's leaders, its establishment was dubbed "a
great event in the history of education and science of China". CAS then
integrated its resources with USTC, aiming to educate top talent in
cutting-edge, interdisciplinary science and technology. In 1970, USTC
was moved to its current location in Hefei, capital of Anhui province in
Since then, it has served the nation as an innovator in quality
education and scientific research. It has focused on exploring new
frontiers in science and technology, and nurtured young talent with
global perspectives. Among the 140,000-odd graduates nurtured by USTC,
84 have been elected academicians of CAS and the Chinese Academy of
Engineering. This makes it the Chinese university with the largest
number of academicians elected during the same period. For every 1,000
undergraduates, there has been one academician, ranking first in the
country, some 700 with master's and doctoral degree candidates.
Currently, the university is home to 16,245 gifted students and 2,050
academic staff members. They include 651 full professors and 55
academicians of CAS or the CAE, 5,641 graduate students and 3,651 PhD
candidates. It offers customized programs and exceptional
extracurricular activities for all students. Numerous USTC alumni have
become world-renowned scientists and entrepreneurs.
USTC has made contributions to the development of Chinese education
and its excellent research facilities are creating rich opportunities
for future scientists. In 1978, USTC set up the first Special Class for
the Gifted Young and the first graduate school in China, which are
considered among the most remarkable achievements in modern Chinese
higher education history. USTC has a broad range of academic
disciplines, covering natural sciences, engineering, management and some
emerging interdisciplinary fields.
USTC also has a strong history in fundamental sciences and research.
It is the only university that operates two national laboratories on
campus: the National Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory, which is the
first national laboratory in China, and the Hefei National Laboratory
for Physical Sciences at the Microscale, one of the six national
research centers approved by the Ministry of Science and Technology.
In the past decade, USTC has made significant achievements in the
fields of quantum physics, nanotechnology, artificial intelligence,
engineering and biomedical sciences. It sent Mozi, the world's first
quantum communication satellite, and Wukong, the China's first dark
matter particle explorer, into space.
In 2020, the university developed the "USTC protocol" to treat
COVID-19 patients, which was introduced to more than 20 countries and
As a prominent university in China, USTC also enjoys an excellent
reputation worldwide. It provides a wide range of opportunities to help
students develop a global perspective and cultural sensitivity. Also, it
has earned its reputation by collaborating with more than 210 top
universities and research organizations from across the world. In the
Nature Index 2020, USTC was ranked in the top four global universities
for academic research and ranked first in China. In the US News Rankings
2020, it ranked third among the best global universities in China.