Vocational training will improve migrant workers' skills and help them find satisfactory jobs, according to experts.
released in April by the National Bureau of Statistics showed that more
than 70 percent of migrant workers ended their education after junior
Meanwhile, only 16.6 percent attended high school and just 11.1 percent went to college.
deputy director of the department of employment, entrepreneurship and
policy assessment at the Chinese Academy of Personnel Science, said
providing training for migrant workers will help provide stable
employment and incomes among the group and reduce the risk of people
losing their jobs.
Moreover, training will improve their working ability and boost their long-term competitiveness in the job market.
In June, the
Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security released a plan for
migrant workers that set a goal of training more than 14 million by the
end of next year.
said that in the first three quarters of the year it provided training
for 5 million workers nationwide, offering skills to urgently remedy
labor shortages in a range of sectors and help people who wanted to
transfer to other industries.
Zhang Fuling, a
migrant worker from Linquan county, Anhui province, is attending a
babysitters' training course at a vocational school in her hometown.
to the training sessions, I thought I knew how to take care of babies
as I am a mother and have the experience of raising a child," she said.
after the training started, Zhang realized that the job of a babysitter
is professional and complicated, requiring a lot of knowledge, technique
when my daughter was an infant and I gave her a bath, I washed her
casually without much care, attention or technique. Now, thanks to the
training, I know that I need to cover the baby's ears to prevent water
from entering," she said.
vice-principal of the vocational school Zhang attends, said market
demand was fully considered when the courses were designed so the
workers would be able to find jobs quickly and secure competitive
People trained to care for babies or seniors are in short supply and they can earn relatively high salaries, she said.
trained by our school can earn as much as 15,000 yuan ($2,300) a month
in large cities like Beijing and Shanghai. Even in cities near Linquan, a
babysitter's monthly income can reach 8,000 yuan," Yao said.
She added that
even if only one adult in an impoverished family has a job, their
income will ensure the family doesn't fall into poverty.
"Climbing out of poverty starts with having a job, and finding a job starts with vocational training," she said.
Li Guoxiang, a
researcher with the Rural Development Institute at the Chinese Academy
of Social Sciences, said the key to allowing vocational training to play
a role is to open courses that meet market demand.
workers landed better jobs and higher incomes after the training
sessions, more people in the group would realize the importance of
training and follow their example, he said.