Measure will ensure equal access for all people and improve livelihoods
China has released a new standard for national basic public services
to ensure equal access for all people and improve people's basic
livelihood, a leading official at the country's top economic planner
said on Wednesday.
The standard, issued by the National Development and Reform
Commission and 20 other departments, covers 80 public services in nine
categories, including education, employment, social security, housing
and medical services.
Approved by the State Council, China's Cabinet, the standard
specifies the object, content, standard and expenditure of public
services and which government departments are responsible for
supervising implementation, Zhao Chenxin, the commission's
The country aims to significantly improve the equalization of basic
public services by 2025 and effectively ensure equitable access to basic
public services by 2035, he said at a news conference organized by the
State Council Information Office.
Feng Yaping, an official at the Ministry of Civil Affairs, said the
new standard includes protection mechanisms for orphans, children with
HIV and children who have been abandoned by guardians.
A total of 60,000 orphans live in orphanages, with the government
offering monthly aid of 1,611 yuan ($248) on average, and 134,000
orphans live by themselves and could receive an average of 1,184 yuan a
month in government aid, he said, adding that 253,000 de facto abandoned
children have also been included in the protection mechanism and can
receive similar monthly aid.
The basic public services also include financial aid to elderly
people in financial difficulty, those who cannot take care of themselves
and subsidies to people over 80 years old, Feng said.
More than 30 million old people had received aid and subsidies from the government by the end of last year, he added.
Zhang Lixin, an official at the Ministry of Human Resources and
Social Security, said the ministry has offered employment and
entrepreneurship guidance to more than 100 million people and helped
1.67 million who had difficulties finding jobs land employment last
Chen Xiyuan, an official with the Ministry of Education, said China
has established a comprehensive government-led student financial aid
system to ensure that no student will drop out of school due to
It includes exemption from tuition and textbook fees for all students
in compulsory education and subsidies to impoverished students from
preschool to university, he said.
The financial aid system has helped to significantly increase the
enrollment rate at different levels of schooling, improved the living
standards of impoverished students, helped them to climb out of poverty
through education and promoted educational equality and social justice,