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Chizhou

Pub Date: 16-03-14 15:39 Source:

Chizhou city is located in the south-west of Anhui Province,along Yangtze River in the north, neighboring Yellow Mountain in the south, with Lushan Mountain to its west and Wuhu City to its east. With a total population of 1.6 million, Chizhou city covers a total area of 8,272 square kilometers and with Guichi District, Dongzhi County, Shitai County, Qingyang County and Jiuhua Mountain Scenic Area under its jurisdiction.

I. Chizhou is a city with long history and profound cultural heritage. It has been about 1,400 years since it was established in the fourth year of Wude (a reign title) in the Tang Dynasty (i.e. AD 621). Throughout history, praises were heaped on Chizhou by well-known poets and refined scholars. Xiao Tong, the crown prince of the Liang Dynasty, compiled the Zhao Ming Anthology of Literature in Chizhou , which is the earliest poetry selection ever existed in Chinese literature history. Li Bai, the most accomplished poet of the Tang Dynasty, has paid 9 visits to Mt. Jiuhua and 5 trips to Qiupu River, created the famous poem, Qiupu Song and other 16 poems to describe the splendid landscape of Chizhou City. The great poet Du Mu of late Tang Dynasty, who was the chief director of Chizhou City at that time, wrote the famous poem Ching Ming, describing the view of traditional Chinese Qingming Festival (also called Ching Ming or Tomb Sweeping Day) in Xinghua Village of Chizhou City. The local scholar Lang Sui of the Qing Dynasty compiled the Historical Record of Xinghua Village which was the only village chronicle collected by the Imperial Collection of Four (the largest collection of books in Chinese history). Thanks to those literary works, Xinghua Village in Chizhou City enjoys an immortal and world-wide fame. Through years, famous figures such as Tao Yuanming(the greatest poet during the centuries between the Han and Tang dynasties and the foremost of the "recluse" poets), Du Mu (a leading Chinese poet of the late Tang Dynasty and regarded as a major poet during a golden age of Chinese poetry), Bao Zheng (a government officer during the reign of Emperor Renzong in ancient China's Song Dynasty and nicknamed "Clear Sky Bao" who today is respected as the cultural symbol of justice in Greater China) and Yue Fei (a military general during the era of the Southern Song Dynasty and widely seen as a patriot and national hero in China) , had all travelled here and written more than one thousand immortal well-known poems concerning Chizhou. In addition, Chizhou Nuo Opera which known as the “living fossil” of Chinese Drama, Qingyang Opera which known as the origination of Beijing Opera and Festival Lantern of Dongzhi are listed as National Intangible Cultural Heritages. Besides, the local culture of Buddhism, poem, drama and tea is of long standing and world-wide renowned. Thus, Chizhou has won the good reputation of “A Place of Poets of All Dynasties” and is listed among Anhui Provincial Historic and Cultural Famous Cities.

II. Chizhou is a beautiful city with superior ecological environment. The city acquired the fame of huge natural oxygen bar since its fresh air contains 35 times as many negative oxygen ions as the national standard and its ratio of forest coverage has reached nearly 60%. In its built-up urban area, 43.4% of the ground surface is covered by vegetation and the green coverage rate is 38.4% while the per capita public green area amounts to 13.1 square meters. The water quality of all the main rivers in Chizhou City is above excellent through the whole year. Hence, Chizhou City has won the honors of National Garden City,National Demonstration City of Urban Ecology, National Forest City, and China Habitat Environment Award 2013. With the fantastic and top-quality environment in middle-eastern China, Chizhou City can be regarded as one of the best places to live in China.

III. Chizhou is a city of convenient transportation. Chizhou is located in the core region of the Industrial Transfer Demonstration Zone in the Anhui Yangtze River City Cluster and is a key member of the International Cultural & Tourist Demonstration Zone in the South Anhui City Cluster as well. With the 160-kilometer Yangtze River flowing through the city, Chizhou Harbor is a national first-rank open port, one of the key ports along Yangtze River, capable for docking 5000-ton ships throughout the year. It is also the chosen port to enter the International Cultural & Tourist Demonstration Zone in the South Anhui City Cluster for both foreign and domestic cruises.

Besides, there are the Shanghai – Chongqing Expressway, Jinan-Guangzhou Expressway, Beijing – Taipei Expressway, Tongling - Jiujiang Railway, No. 206 & No. 318 national roads traversing through the city.

Chizhou Jiuhuashan Airport has been put into operation and opened flights to main cities like Beijing, Shanghai, Chengdu and Guangzhou.

In addition, the Nanjing-Anqing intercity railway will be put into operation within 2015 while Chizhou Yangtze River Highway Bridge has also been started construction at the beginning of 2015. Furthermore, the Highway linking Dongzhi County of Chizhou City and Jiujiang City of Jiangsu Province and Wangjiang-Dongzhi Yangtze River Highway Bridge are under rapid construction.

The waterway, highways, railways and airport formed a relatively convenient traffic network which makes Chizhou City easily accessible from anywhere in the world.

IV. Chizhou is a city of abundant material and rich natural reserves. Chizhou has been known as the “Land of Fish and Rice” in the south of Yangtze River since ancient times. It’s an important national production base of grain, quality cotton, tea, pongee, and fast-growing plantations. Chizhou City is awarded as one of China Excellent Tourism Cities for the city holds more than 300 tourist attractions. The national forest park, Jiuhua Mountain, known as one of the Four Great Buddhist Mountains in China, is located in Chizhou and it is also one of the National Key Scenic Spots and earned the country’s top 5-A rating. Other famous scenic areas include Guniujiang, a national natural reserve for wildlife which enjoyed the fame of “gene bank of flora and fauna in East China” and Shengjin Lake, a natural reserve for important wetlands in Asia and known as “lake of crane in China”.

Aside from that, the city also owns abundant mineral reserves of more than 40 kinds that bearing industrial exploiting value. Its mineral reserves of non-ferrous metals like lead, zinc, antimony and manganese are ranked top among 16 cities in Anhui Province. Its non-metallic mineral reserves such as limestone calcite, dolomite, and quartz sand, etc. are of high quality, large reserves and with great potential to be exploited & processed, top all the cities in the eastern China. The industries of non-metal new material, non-ferrous new material, chemistry, mechanical equipments and electronic information have been formed preliminarily in the city.

Editor: Will

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