Bengbu City, located in the northern part of Anhui Province, is in the reaches of Huaihe River, between 117¡ã12' E. Longitude and 32¡ã57' N. Latitude. It was given the name of Pearl City since it had abundant pearl resources in ancient times. Being the first city in Anhui Province, Bengbu was formally established as a city directly under the Provincial jurisdiction on January 1, 1947. Bengbu City has Suixi County, Suzhou City, Lingbi County, and Sixian County to the north; Huainan City, Fengyang County to the south; Mingguang City, Sihong County of Jiangsu Province to the West; Mengcheng County and Fengtai County to the west.
Area: Bengbu covers an area of 5,952 km², 4.3% of the provincial total, 135 km from west to east, 86.5 km from north to south. the urban area is 601.5 km², among which 51.79 km² is completed.
Population: At the end of 2003, the city's total population was 3.4493 million, including 874,500 urban residents.
Nationality: In addition to Han Majority, Bengbu has 36 national minorities.
Administrative divisions: It currently has jurisdiction over 4 districts --Longzi Lake, BengHill, Yuhui, Huaishang and 3 counties -- Huaiyuan, Guzhen, Wuhe.
Geological features: Bengbu¡¯s landscape is divided into two parts by the Huaihe River. The northern part of the Huaihe River belongs to Huaibei Plain which is broad flat, while the southern part belongs to the Jianghuai Hilly Area with clear differences in height. The Huaibei Plain is high in the northwest, low in the south, and its rivers always flow from northwest to southeast parallel to each other. Jianghuai Hilly Area is relatively high with the hills mainly distributed southward along the Huaihe River. The hills wave from northeast to southwest with the rivers and valleys lying alternatively like the palm of the hand. The highest peak in Bengbu is the Tu Mountain, 338.20m above the sea level, and the lowest point is the floodplain of the Huaihe River, 15.30m above the sea level. The greatest cutting depth is 280m, and the average depth is 30-80m.
Hydrology: The largest resource of natural surface water is the Huaihe River, flowing from South Lake Village in Huaiyuan County to the eastern part of Dongka village in Wuhe County through the southern point of Huaiyuan County, the northern part of Bengbu Municipality, and the southern point of Wuhe County. The total length is 150.7 km, among which, 16.8 km northern bank and 28 southern bank lie in the city of Bengbu. The riverbed is 600-800m in width with the annual runoff of 26.3 billion cubic meters.
The natural surface waters to the north of Huaihe River are Tuo River, Hui River, Beifei River, Xie River, Guo River, and so on, while that to the south of Huaihe River are only Tian River and Longzi River.
The artificial river New Ciwei River and New Huaihong River are all located in the northern side. Beifei River (10km long in Bengbu) is a tributary of the Huaihe River. Longzi River lies in the southeast urban area and it is 10 km long, 300~500m wide, with the average depth of 2 meters. With the surface area of six km², it has been developed as a natural breeding water to store water for irrigation of Lake Swamp Reservoir; the Tian River is located in the southwest, which is 16 km long, 600~1000 meters wide, its 9 km-long lake swamp forms Tianhe Lake with surface area of 14 km² and storage capacity of 20 million cubic meters.
The larger lakes are Xiangjian Lake, Tuo Lake, Tianjin Lake located in the Wuhe County and Sifang Lake in Huaiyuan County, among which, Tuo Lake is the main aquaculture lake. Bengbu is abundant in groundwater resources, which is shallow in depth and large in reserves, mainly distributed in three counties in the northern part of the Huaihe River.
Climate: Lying in sub-humid lands at the southern end of the monsoon climate zone, Bengbu has temperate climate, with four distinct seasons.
Mineral resources: Bengbu is rich in mineral resources, because of its complex geological structure. The main mineral resources identified are small and medium-sized, 38 mineral deposits (points) and about 22 minerals have been found. Among these, 5 are metal ores (gold, silver, copper, iron, nickel), 15 are non-metallic mineral (fluorite, biotite, potassium feldspar, serpentines, barite, asbestos, limestone, clay brick, Granite, construction stone, etc.) In addition, the energy minerals such as coal and mineral water have been found.
Tourism: Bengbu City, which is linked by mountains and rivers, has beautiful scenery and diverse natural and cultural landscape as well as many monuments. The Huaihe River flows from west to east across the city with the Railway Bridge and Highway Bridge across the river. In the urban area of Bengbu, there are Pearl Park, Nanshan Park, and Zhanggongshan Park, and provincial-level scenic spots and Tanghe¡¯s Tomb. In Huaiyuan County lie Tujing provincial scenic areas where people can get a view on both Tu Mountain and Jin Mountain. Tu Mountain is the place for Yu, a legendary hero who used to conquer the flood of the Huaihe River and got married here in the ancient time. There are a lot of anecdotes about him as well as the heritage places and worship rituals. Similar to Mount Tu, Mount Jin is also famous for its heritage places such as Milky Spring, Wanghuai Pillar, Qiwang Palace, and Bianhe Cave. Guzhen County also has its ancient hero Xiangyu, who fought against the first emperor Liubang in Han Dynasty. Fengyang County is proud of Zhuyuanzhang, who was the first emperor in Ming Dynasty. Bengbu is an ideal place to watch the beautiful scenery on Huaihe River.The Xianshan Gap, Jinshan Gap, and Fushan Gap are known as ¡°the three Gorges¡± on the Huaihe River. Starting from Bengbu by boat, the visitors can enjoy the scenic spots on both sides.
Communication and Transportation: Bengbu has a superior geographical situation with convenient transportation owing to the Jinghu Railway (from Beijing to Shanghai) and Huaihe River. Linking the East of China with the West, it is a major hub in national communication and transportation. Bengbu has the largest port on the Huaihe River, reach Jiangsu, Shanghai, Zhejiang and Jiangxi, all the way overseas. The daily railway capacity is 320 trains, with a first-class large freight marshalling yard and the largest container freight yard in East China. Starting from Bengbu, people can reach 20 provincial capital cities, 3 municipalities under direct national jurisdiction, and more than 10 coastal cities by train. A new station will be built on the Beijing-Shanghai high-speed railway. The highway in Bengbu links to the National Highway and Provincial Highway, too. The construction of Hefei-Xuzhou Expressway in Bengbu has been completed, while the rest is in tense construction. The building of Jieshou-Fuyang-Bengbu and Bengbu-Nanjing Expressway has started, and the new airport of 4c standard has been completed. The regional advantages of modern communication create favorable conditions for Bengbu¡¯s economic and social development.
Telecommunications: Bengbu City is the dispatch pivot of telecommunications in northern Anhui, the only master control station of Beijing-Shanghai microwave communication lines in Anhui. It is the postal and long-distance communications hub of domestic mail and international communications.
Industry: Bengbu is an important industrial city in Anhui Province. After years of construction and development, its economic strength has been substantially enhanced. Among the existing 1258 industrial enterprises 66 are large and medium-sized. The manufacturing industry, textiles, light industry, chemical industry, medicine, electronics, building materials and other industries have formed a complete industrial system which can produce 400 categories and over 10,000 kinds of products. In recent years, the state-owned enterprise reform has been carried out to accelerate the pace of the reorganization of assets and focus on the implementation of the strategy of ¡°shipbuilding¡±. The industrial structure changed and new dominant industries formed gradually with the emergence of a group of key enterprises and superior products. Anhui Fengyuan Group, the August 1st Chemical Group, the Huaguang Glass Group, and Bengbu cigarette factory, and others have all become the provincial or even national key enterprises. Glass, die-casting machine, filter, Corduroy, beer, glass products, cigarettes and other products rank first in quality and quantity in the country, and the quality and yield of citric acid and (o) nitrobenzene rank first in the Asia.
Agricultue: Bengbu is rich in agricultural resources, including grain, oil, vegetables, meat and aquatic products. For example, Guzhen County's peanut output, Huaiyuan County¡¯s pomegranate, Wuhe County¡¯s Crab, are all famous brands throughout the country.
Opening-up: Bengbu City has constantly expanded its opening-up policy. A comprehensive, multi-tiered and wide-ranging opening pattern has been formed. Bengbu is a national Class-A opening city which can conduct direct trade with foreigners. Ports, customs, entry and exit inspection and quarantine agencies are all complete, and the import and export trade has witnessed rapid growth. Its 15 largest categories and 150 varieties of products sell well in more than 60 countries and regions. With further opening up, Bengbu continues to expand exchanges and establish as cooperative relations and friendship with foreign countries such as Japan, Germany, Italy, Britain, Russia, Turkey and many others.