-- July 1 marks the Communist Party of China's 99th anniversary of founding.
-- A year shy of the centenary, the Party is poised to achieve yet another milestone: eradicating absolute poverty.
-- Xi Jinping, general secretary of the CPC Central Committee, leads the anti-poverty fight.
From edges of deserts to deep inside the mountains, China has lifted
more than 93 million people out of poverty in less than eight years.
July 1 (Xinhua) -- Six years ago, Hu Zhengnan decided to temporarily
leave his office job at a geological survey institute. He signed up to
join a poverty relief team headed to the countryside.
25-year-old cadre of the Communist Party of China (CPC) was sent to
Liuquan, a village situated in a large resettled zone for people who
moved out of uninhabitable mountains in northwest China's Ningxia Hui
Autonomous Region. Most of the people there had lived hand to mouth for
Hu was expected to use his vision and knowledge to help them change their fate.
two years of research, Hu pinned his hope on an edible plant --
daylily. The plant is increasingly popular at the dinner table of city
folks and should have a huge market, Hu told fellow villagers.
To their advantage, Liuquan's dry climate and wide diurnal temperature range are ideal for daylily farming.
persuading farmers accustomed to growing wheat and corn to switch to
this unassuming yellow flower was no easy task. And there was a lot of
tutoring, infrastructure building, and marketing to do.
"Initially, farmers were afraid to make the change. The hardest part was to change their perception," Hu said.
by the challenges, Hu devoted himself to the cause and stayed for four
more years. Today, as the first secretary of Liuquan village committee
of the CPC, Hu is happy to see the daylily farm expand to 267 hectares.
All but nine households in the village bid farewell to poverty.
villagers no longer waited for government handouts. They have something
to hope for and are very much inspired to work for a better future," he
is among 2.9 million cadres the CPC mobilized and sent to poor villages
in recent years. They form a crucial force battling China's poverty at
Party, founded in 1921, has led the Chinese in fighting and winning the
revolution, establishing the people's republic and developing it into
the world's second largest economy.
1 marks the CPC's 99th anniversary of founding. A year shy of the
centenary, the Party is poised to achieve yet another milestone --
eradicating absolute poverty.
Xi Jinping, general secretary of the CPC Central Committee, leads the fight.
President Xi Jinping, also general secretary of the Communist Party of
China Central Committee and chairman of the Central Military Commission,
learns about efforts to advance poverty alleviation in Hongde Village
of Wuzhong City, northwest China's Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, June
8, 2020. (Xinhua/Xie Huanchi)
the sudden outbreak of COVID-19 brought extra challenges this year, Xi
convened a large teleconference on poverty reduction in March and later
inspected efforts on the ground when he visited Shaanxi, Shanxi, and
said bringing all rural residents above the current poverty line by
2020 is a solemn promise made by the CPC Central Committee, and it must
be fulfilled on time.
less than 200 days left, the remaining pockets of deep poverty are the
nation's most deprived and hardest to support, including some ethnic
minority and border areas.
In Ningxia, Xi reiterated that no ethnic minority group should be left behind.
CPC started out as a party for the poor. The revolution was fought to
liberate the poor. After the revolution was won, the Party should lead
the people in living a better life," Xi said. "We managed to overcome
all difficulties and challenges in the more than 70 years after the
founding of New China because we remain true to our original aspiration
and keep our mission firmly in mind."
TARGETED POVERTY ALLEVIATION
edges of deserts to deep inside the mountains, China has lifted more
than 93 million people out of poverty in less than eight years.
Yongfu, director of the State Council Leading Group Office of Poverty
Alleviation and Development, said the intensity, scale, and impact of
this round of poverty eradication are all unprecedented.
Behind the success is the well-implemented "targeted poverty alleviation" Xi put forward in November 2013, according to Liu.
key is to identify the right population, tailor poverty-relief programs
to local conditions, and send appropriate resources and personnel to
implement the programs, he said.
village of Shibadong in central China's Hunan Province may shed light
on how targeted strategies work. It was there that the concept was first
While daylily is the cash crop in Liuquan, poverty relief cadres sent to Shibadong found luck in kiwi fruit.
in natural beauty and scenic landscapes, Shibadong is hobbled by a
rugged terrain and scarce arable land. With the help of the government
and private sector, villagers rented a plantation in a nearby township
to grow high-quality kiwis.
tasted the sweet success of kiwi farming, the village ventured into
other businesses: it partnered a company to sell bottled mountain spring
water and began to develop rural tourism. Unique landscapes and ethnic
Miao culture are a big draw. Tourists brought business to hotels,
restaurants, embroidery and honey farming.
make pieces of embroidery in a rural cooperative in Shibadong Village
of Xiangxi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture, central China's Hunan
Province, April 24, 2020. (Xinhua/Xue Yuge)
is no longer poor. Last year, the average annual income of villagers
reached 14,668 yuan (abut 2,100 U.S. dollars), more than eight times the
figure in 2013.
the country, rural industries like the ones in Shibadong have helped
many shake off poverty. Others have escaped poverty through relocation,
ecological compensation, or education. Social security allowances were
given to the sick, the disabled and others who could not work their way
out of extreme poverty.
the poverty reduction tasks are completed this year, the number of
people lifted out of poverty since the 18th CPC National Congress is
expected to top 100 million.
Yang Zhengbang (R) introduces local tea products to tourists in
Shibadong Village of Xiangxi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture,
central China's Hunan Province, April 25, 2020. (Xinhua/Xue Yuge)
is no other country in the world that can help so many people get rid
of poverty in such a short time. This means a lot to both China and the
world," Xi said at the poverty reduction teleconference in March, adding
that the unprecedented achievement demonstrates the political
advantages of the CPC leadership and socialist system.
China's poverty reduction has drawn applause from home and abroad.
United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres once commended it as the greatest poverty reduction accomplishment in history.
Lawrence Kuhn, a U.S. expert on China, said China's poverty alleviation
served as a good example for the world's other developing countries to
draw experience from.
historians of the future write the chronicles of our times, a feature
story may well be China's targeted poverty alleviation," he said.
Gaoshan's family used to live in a Yaodong, a house built into the
hardened earth common across the Loess Plateau in northern China. The
farmland they worked was dry and barren, and their lives harder still.
Along with 400 other people, they were relocated to a specially built village in the township of Xiping, Shanxi Province.
to the government's support, Bai's son received professional training
and got a new job as a welder, earning about 40,000 yuan a year.
Bai's family, more than 9.6 million poor people in China have been
relocated away from uninhabitable areas over the past couple of years to
places where they can get access to more job opportunities and better
living in Yaodong, Bai worried that his son would be too poor to marry.
After moving out, his son got married and now has a son of his own.
They are happy, he said.
"The Party is good. It does things that bring tangible benefits to the people," Bai said.
weed in the vegetable field in Xiping Township of Datong City, north
China's Shanxi Province, May 11, 2020. (Xinhua/Chai Ting)
it is a new skill or relocation or a host of other projects scattered
across all four corners of China, the CPC's poverty reduction campaign
is all about improving people's life.
rural poverty is considered a defining benchmark of attaining the goal
of building a moderately prosperous society in all respects.
But that is not the end. The country will focus on rural vitalization to strive for an even better life for rural residents.
lifted out of poverty is not an end in itself but the starting point of
a new life and a new pursuit," Xi said in Ningxia. "As people's
aspirations to live a better life grow, we must continue to improve our
work and expand the areas of support."