President Xi Jinping has urged continuous efforts to win a complete
victory in the battle against poverty as China marked the seventh
National Poverty Relief Day on Saturday.
Xi, who is also general secretary of the Communist Party of China
Central Committee and chairman of the Central Military Commission, made
the remark in an instruction on poverty relief work.
He said that 2020 is the decisive year in completing the building of a
moderately prosperous society in all respects and eradicating poverty
Facing the challenges of COVID-19 and severe floods, the CPC Central
Committee is unwaveringly determined to achieve the goal of poverty
alleviation as scheduled, he said.
Xi urged Party committees and governments at all levels to maintain
the momentum and never stop until the country secures a complete
victory, as the fight against poverty has entered its final stage.
He noted that all localities and departments should give full play to
the system and mechanism of poverty alleviation, while keeping policies
stable and consolidating the results with multiple measures.
Meanwhile, efforts should be made to stimulate the endogenous driving
forces of poverty-stricken populations and areas in order to advance
toward the goal of realizing common prosperity, he said.
The instruction was delivered on Saturday at a national
teleconference, at which China honored inpiduals and institutions with
a national award for their outstanding work in poverty alleviation.
The award-winning inpiduals and institutions delivered reports on their work at the meeting.
Yang Ning, head of Jiangmen village in the Guangxi Zhuang autonomous
region and one of the award winners, said the annual per capita income
in her village more than tripled to 7,000 yuan ($1,045) over the past
few years, thanks to targeted poverty relief programs that have fostered
a lucrative business by growing cash crops such as watermelons and
That has also slashed the poverty rate in Jiangmen from 20 perp to
nearly zero, said Yang, who returned to work in her home village after
graduating from college in the regional capital of Nanning in 2010.
"The transformation of my village is representative of what has been
achieved by the national poverty reduction campaign," she said.
Zhang Zhiqiang, Party secretary of Sixian county, a poverty-stricken
area in Anhui province, said that to win the local anti-poverty campaign
the county sent more than 300 young and capable officials to oversee
poverty relief work at village level.
He said the sacrifice and devotion of these officials has paid off,
with 17,000 farmers returning to their home villages due to greater job
opportunities and the county being lifted out of poverty in 2018. More
than 16,000 villagers were lifted out of poverty due to jobs created by
the stronger local economy.
"For the past three years, Sixian has ranked among the top 100 counties in China in terms of investment," he said.
Poverty has plagued China for thousands of years. Since the founding
of the People's Republic of China in 1949, and especially since the
start of reform and opening-up in 1978, the anti-poverty battle led by
the CPC has improved the lives of more than 700 million rural people.
Xi assumed the historic responsibility of leading this fight when he
was elected general secretary of the CPC Central Committee at the First
Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee in November 2012.
He has convened a series of meetings on poverty alleviation. Before
every such meeting, he would visit impoverished regions to conduct
research, learn about local situations and hear the opinions of
grassroots officials and members of the public.
At a landmark Party gathering in Beijing in 2012, the pral
authorities launched a new round of the anti-poverty drive that aimed to
use targeted measures to eradicate extreme poverty in China before
2021, the Party's penary. In 2012, 98.99 million people in China
lived below the poverty line.
China has defined extreme poverty as having a per capita income of less than 2,300 yuan a year.
The poverty line－set in 2011 and adjusted annually with
inflation－reached more than 4,000 yuan this year. The amount varies from
place to place due to purchasing power parity.
The authorities have also made efforts to achieve universal coverage
of compulsory education, affordable healthcare and clean drinking water
in less affluent rural regions.
The head count of rural poor has been dropping by more than 10
million annually since 2012 thanks to the redoubled efforts under
The State Council Leading Group Office of Poverty Alleviation and
Development, the top anti-poverty agency, said more than 93 million
people had been lifted out of absolute poverty by the end of 2019, which
has won praise from politicians and scholars worldwide.
United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said China made the
greatest contributions to world poverty alleviation in the past decade.
By ending domestic poverty by the end of this year, China will
achieve the UN's 2030 Sustainable Development Goals in poverty relief 10
years ahead of schedule.
Ismatulla Bekmuratov, a professor at Tashkent State University of
Oriental Studies in Uzbekistan, attributed China's poverty reduction
success primarily to the attention of Xi, who made poverty eradication a
perpiece of the country's development plan and led the war against
Yuri Tavrovsky, a Sinologist and professor at the Peoples' Friendship
University of Russia, said under Xi's leadership, China's anti-poverty
fight has notably gathered pace. Defeating poverty before the CPC's
100th founding anniversary will lay the foundation for the realization
of the Chinese Dream, he said.