The legends of Lao Tzu has been spread among the people in Guoyang, which locates in the northern part of Anhui province. The county is not only a famous historical and cultural city, but also the hometown of Lao Tzu, he is the founder of Taoist school and the originator of Taoism.
Lao Tzu’s real name is Li Er, and his posthumous title is Bo Yang. As a notable ideologist in the ancient history of China, Lao Tzu’s famous philosophical work “Tao Te Ching”and his thoughts has created a profound influence on the development of Chinese philosophy.
The legends of Lao Tzu are basically separate into two parts. The first section is the story of Lao Tzu, which depicts the growing process of Lao Tzu from his childhood to the declining years. And the second part is related to the stories between Lao Tzu and Tianjing Palace.
Lao Tzu’s legendary stories are highly featured with local characteristics. The stories are mostly spread among the people in the form of vernacular language, which is popular and beautiful, and has high literary research value. The collection, excavation and protection of these folk stories play a very important role in tracking Lao Tzu’s birthplace, promoting Tao’s culture and inheriting the spirit and thoughts of Lao Tzu.